Lunigiana , set as it is between Emilia , Liguria and Toscana , is the meeting point of different cultures and different commercial routes .
The name Lunigiana appears for the first time in 1141 for the land that once belonged to the roman city of Luni , and then became part of its medieval diocese . The city of Luni was founded in the year 177 b.C. as a roman colony at the mouth of the river Magra , and in the imperial age became very important , also thanks to the marble from the nearby Alpi Apuane . After many changes during the first half of the Middle Ages , Luni died as a city and no other center or political entity emerged that could confer administrative unity to the territory of Lunigiana .
If we take the name as encompassing the land that once belonged to the diocese of Luni , then Lunigiana includes all the valley of the river Magra with its tributaries , part of the valley of the Serchio river and the coast from the river Versilia to Levanto .